Sustainability and prefabricated wooden houses: building of the future

28 | 07 | 2021

The construction sector is considered to be one of the most harmful for the health of the planet. It is estimated that the constructions, materials and buildings are responsible for:

  • 39% of world emissions of carbon dioxide dispersed in the air;
  • 36% of global electricity consumption;
  • 50% of the pollution associated with the extraction of raw materials;
  • 1/3 of drinking water consumption.

Circular economy

The World Green Building Council, an international voluntary body, underlined how this sector, by profoundly and radically changing the processes related to the construction, life and demolition of a building in a circular perspective, could provide a notable contribution to the decarbonisation process of the environment. Today the issue of sustainability represents an objective of primary importance for various production sectors, and the construction world is also called upon to do its part, becoming increasingly green, sustainable and respectful of the ecosystem. Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission, in a recent speech addressed to the European Parliament, referring to the need to transform the existing building stock and mitigate its impact on the environment, said: “The buildings in which we live and work produce more than 40% of emissions. They need to become less wasteful and expensive and more sustainable. We know that the construction sector can be transformed from a carbon source into a carbon “reservoir” if we use construction materials such as wood and use smart technologies. Our new generations must kick off a European wave of restructuring and make the EU a leader in the circular economy “.

Sustainable architecture

But what are we referring to, when we talk about sustainable architecture? To a cultural approach, a branch of traditional architecture that aims to build by minimizing the environmental impact of buildings, using non-harmful materials, preferring the use of renewable and recyclable resources and safeguarding the man-building-environment relationship. Building in a sustainable way means adopting design, construction and plant solutions capable of containing energy losses and ensuring high standards of efficiency, taking into account natural resources and ecosystem from the early stages of the project. Green building has to do with the environment, energy saving, quality of life and the comfort of those who will live in the building.

Green construction

Also driven by the Covid-19 pandemic, in recent months we have been witnessing a real boom in green construction. In several small and large cities in Northern Europe, urban forests are springing up characterized by low-impact wooden buildings. This renewable material, in fact, cleans the atmosphere by storing carbon dioxide and has a decisive impact on the healthiness of the environments. In addition to being easily dismantled and disposed of at the end of their life cycle, prefabricated wooden houses enter into symbiosis with the spaces in which they are inserted, and guarantee energy savings, living comfort, excellent seismic performance, healthiness and design. Infrastructure and buildings will have to reduce carbon emissions by 40% within 2030 and by 100% within 2050 and, according to the World Green Building Council, green wooden buildings will be one of the most popular options for meeting sustainability standards, energy efficiency and savings on the bill.

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