Wood construction on the rise: a more sustainable alternative for living

14 | 02 | 2024

FederlegnoArredo’s recent Wood Building Report offers a detailed overview of the trend of the wood building sector in Italy, confirming the country as Europe’s third largest producer after Germany and Sweden. Below we will go into a more in-depth analysis of the data presented in the report, exploring the advantages of wood construction and the essential role of optimizers in making the supply chain more efficient.

FederlegnoArredo’s Wood Building Report: green building on the rise

FederlegnoArredo’s latest report, the eighth to be precise, shows a significant increase in the construction of wood housing units in Italy in 2022, with a total of 3602 new units. This positive result represents an increase of one percentage point over the previous year. This figure further consolidates Italy’s position as Europe’s third largest producer of green building, ahead of Austria, which has a long tradition in wood construction. Turnover for the entire industry increased 15.8 % over 2021 to 2.3 billion euros.

Another fact that emerges from the report is the geography of companies engaged in green building. The greatest concentration is in Lombardy where 73 companies operate, while Trentino-Alto Adige and Veneto together account for 50 percent of the total. In particular, Trentino-Alto Adige boasts the largest and most specialized companies in the sector, so much so that 19 % of total green building production is made in this region alone, followed by Lombardy at 16%, Piedmont at 6% and Veneto at 5%.

Green building: the advantages of wood construction

Wood construction fits into the context of green building, or architecture designed to reduce its impact on the environment. Compared to traditional construction, it offers a number of advantages due to the raw material it employs. These include the greater energy efficiency of wood buildings, which can reduce heating costs in winter or air conditioning in summer by up to 40-50% compared to concrete structures. This is possible because of the superior insulating capacity of wood, which retains heat inside the home in colder seasons and keeps it outside in warmer ones.

By being wood-based, green building contributes indirectly but substantially to the reduction of CO2 in the atmosphere through storage, the phenomenon whereby trees absorb and store carbon dioxide during their life cycle. Green building contributes indirectly but substantially to the reduction of CO2 in the atmosphere through storage thanks to the ability of trees to absorb carbon dioxide during their life cycle by storing it in wood. Other benefits include greater design flexibility and reduced construction time, which can be up to one-sixth shorter than masonry construction. In addition, wood buildings offer better earthquake performance, proving their soundness even in high-risk areas. This is no small detail considering that Italy is the most earthquake-prone country in Europe along with Iceland.

Salvador optimizers: for supply chain efficiency

Salvador optimizers play a key role in the efficiency of the green building supply chain. These machines make it possible to optimize the woodworking process, reducing waste and increasing cutting precision. With their ability to reduce waste by up to 15 % and speed up production time by up to 60-70 %, optimizers contribute significantly to the growth of the entire industry. 

In conclusion, FederlegnoArredo’s report confirms the increased interest in green building in Italy and the need to continue to promote and raise awareness among both individuals and institutions of the importance of these building practices. In this scenario, Salvador optimizers represent an essential element for a more competitive and sustainable sector.